Temples in Udaipur

Udaipur in Tripura is famous for the many temples located here. The Tripura Sundari temple, Gunabati group of temples, Bhubaneswari temple, Debatamura, Shiv Bari temple and Tin temple are located here. The important temples in Udaipur are:

Tripura sundari templeTripura Sundari Temple

The Tripura Sundari Temple is one of the 51 pithasthans (Shrine of the Goddess of Power) in India. It is popularly known as Matabari. The temple is situated atop a hillock.

Legends

According to legends when Sati immolated herself, Shiva on fury took the corpse of Sati and performed the Tandava dance (dance of destroy). Seeing this destroying dance, other Gods and Devatas went to Lord Vishnu pleading to stop Shiva. Lord Vishnu then cut the corpse of Sita with the Sudarshan Chakra. The body parts fell in different parts of the earth. The right foot of Sati fell at Matabari on the southwestern outskirts of Udaipur town in Tripura. Because of this the place is revered to the Hindus. It is known as a pithasthan.

According to legends Maharaja Dhanya Manikya had a dream one night in which the Goddess asked him to install the idol of Tripura Sundari in the temple which was already dedicated to lord Vishnu. He thus installed the image of the Goddess in the temple in 1501.

Structure

The Tripura Sundari temple is 500 years old. The temple was constructed in 1501 AD by the then maharaja Dhanya Manikya. The shape of the temple resembles a Kurma tortoise. The roof of the temple is shaped like the humped back of the tortoise therefore it is called Kurma Pith. The temple consists of square type sanctum of typical Bengali hut type structure with a conical dome.

There are two identical images of the same deity. They are known as Tripura Sundari which is 5 feet in height. It is the presiding deity of the temple. The other idol is called Chotoma which is 2 feet in height. It stands beside the presiding deity. The temple measures 24 sq feet at the base and has a height of 75 feet.

Worship

Goddess Kali is the presiding deity of the temple. The idol of Goddess Kali is made up of reddish black Kastic pathar. Ma Kali is worshiped in her Soroshi form in the temple. Inside the temple there is also a smaller idol of Kali called Chotto Maa. This image was used to be carried by Maharajas of Tripura during Mrigaya namely hunting and also during war. Animals (Goats) sacrifice is practiced in the temple.

On the eastern side of the temple there is a famous Kalyan Sagar. The lake adds to the beauty of the temple. Every year on Diwali a mela is organized. During this time the temple is flocked by more than two lakh pilgrims.


Gunabati group of temples

Gunabati group of temples are located at Udaipur. On the way from Mahadeb Bari to Badara Mokam there are three temples on the left side of the road. They are known as Gunabati Mandir Gucchha (Gunabati group of temples). The temples are one of the main tourist and religious spots of Udaipur and Tripura.

The origin of the temples are yet unknown. The stone inscription of one of the temples reveals that it was built in 1668 AD in the name of Her Highness Maharani Gunabati, wife of Maharaja Govinda Manikya. The history of the other two temples is not known. However they are constructed in the contemporary style.

Architecture

The architecture of the temples resembles other contemporary temples of Tripura except that the topmost parts are without stupas. The core chambers are marked by the presence of pitcher-headed female forms as buttresses. In the middle of the temple there is a semi-circular core chamber. Its vestibule which was 10’9’’x 11’ large with stupa-like crown is almost completely damaged now. The crown over the stupa in the vestibule is beautifully crafted like a lotus. Except the buttresses the perimeter of the temple measures 19’10’’ x 20’1’’. The right temple is relatively bigger. The vestibule measures 12’6’’ x 11’3’’ and the core chambers are 29’10’’ x 24’7’’. The stupa above the temple is decorated with conical structures.

The left temple is smaller in size. The vestibule measures 9’10’’ x 9’6’’. The outer sphere of the core chamber measures 12’9’’ x 12’10’’. It is smaller than the other two but enjoys a relatively sound state. The smaller temple seems to be built later. Much difference is not seen among the temples. The front wall of the vestibules of the smaller temple features rectangular design and the crown above the stupa of the core chamber bears a peculiar look like a seventeen edged carambola. All the three temples are covered with a four chaala roof and are built not quite above the ground.

For the tourists there are accommodation facilities near the temples. Tourists can have a pleasant stay at Gomati Yatrinivas (Udaipur) and Gunabati Tourist Lodge (Matabari Udaipur).


Bhubaneswari temple


The Bhubaneswari temple is is situated on the northern bank of the Gomti River at Udaipur. On the right bank of river Gomti at Udaipur is found the ruins of a big palace built by Maharaja Govinda Manikya (1660-75 AD). The Bhubaneswari temple is situated adjacent to this palace.

The historical significance of the temple is that it was built in between 1667-1676 AD during the reign of Maharaja Govinda Manikya. The temple has been immortalized in two of Rabindra Nath Tagore’s plays named Rajarshi and Bisharjan. The Bhubaneswari temple is built on a three feet paved terrace. The roof of the temple is built in the style of typical four-chaala system. There is stupa-like crown on the entrance and core chambers. The stupa on core chamber is decorated with floral motifs.

The temple is known for its exquisite architecture. The splendid architecture of the temple is a matter of interest to the tourists and archeologists.


Debatamura

This place is located around 35 kms from Udaipur in the Amarpur sub division. Debatamura means God’s peak and is hill range located between Udaipur and Amarpur sub division along the Gumti River. This place is famous for the images of Lord Shiva, Goddess Durga and other Gods and Goddesses. These images are carved out on the rocky surfaces of Debatamura which stands at 90 degrees angle. They are carved with lot of effort and one can reach this place after trekking. The images belong to the 15th-16th century AD. The rock carvings on the steep rock wall are also known as ‘Chabimura’.

Shiv Bari and Tin Mandir

The Shiv Bari temple is situated in Udaipur and was constructed by Maharaja Dhanya Manikya. The temple was repaired by Maharaja Kalyan Manikya in 1651 AD. According to the Pithamala, it is the abode of ‘Tripuresh Bhairav’. The door of the temple faces the west. The Tin Mandir is situated on the east bank of the Jagannath Dighi.

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